At face value, In & Out is a simple follow-the-numbers game. The judge will measure the length of the course and establish a Qualifying Course Time (QCT) based on rates of travel respective to level and jump height. The dog is awarded a bonus of 1 point for every full second under the established QCT.

In & Out is scored Points, Then Time.

Design and Strategy

For a moment I’m going to indulge myself in a discussion of design for this game. In & Out is not an easy design.

IMHO, the In & Out course should feature two concentric rings of obstacles. For the sake of our conversation we have an In loop and an Out loop. The In and Out loop, then, would be a weaving together of the two concentric loops. The In loop should be in one direction; The Out loop should be in one direction; The In & Out loop should feature one or more changes of direction.

A real difficulty in the design of the course is finding smooth transitions between the two loops for the In & Out.


Each loop is worth a given number of points to be earned, based on a 1-3-5 schedule for performance of obstacles (jumps=1, round things=3; technical obstacles=5).

The rules stipulate that in a faulted loop the dog earns the value of obstacles up to fault, and then the dog must be directed to restart that same loop.

It’s possible that for strategic reasons, the handler might intentionally fault a loop, in order to repeat the performance of a higher value obstacle when restarting the loop. In the example course above, for example, the handler might begin the Out loop and then, on the dismount of the A‑frame, bring the dog back over the #6/11 jump for a wrong course, necessitating a restart of the Out loop. This strategy earns the dog an additional 8 points. The handler might commit this fault a couple times, calculating that he’ll earn more for the repeated obstacles than for the time bonus at the end of the course.

The handler might opt to continue the “faulted loop” strategy until the expiration of time. That would be an interesting gamble and calculation.

The judge’s design might cleverly and intentionally include such a bonus opportunity. Note that if the #13 obstacle had been a jump rather than a 3-pt pipe tunnel, the risk might be marginal, at best.

Note on Timekeeping

Fundamentally when time expires the dog can earn no new points. And so if the dog is still out on the field when time expires it is very important that the time-keeper or electronic equipment signal the expiration of time so that the judge will know to stop awarding points. Aside from the fact that the dog will earn no bonus points for stopping the clock under the QCT, there is no additional fault or down-side to time expiring.

Mind Like a Steel Trap

The judge might like to signal to the scribe the previously calculated value of each loop as the dog finishes. This approach might be very complicated as the dog could fault the second to last obstacle in any loop, thereby earning the value of every obstacle in the loop, save the last two obstacles. The canny judge, with a mind like a steel trap, could simply do the math for each loop, including faults. The only real alternative to this method is to bellow out the value of each obstacle as it is successfully performed.

There’s some call for the handler too, to have a mind like a steel trap. The handler should be completely aware of what obstacle constitutes the “gateway” to each of the three loops. And, on any fault, should direct the dog to that obstacle with all due haste. Note that the gateway obstacles are indicated on the sample course above.


Oct  13  , 2016  Petit Prix warm-up workshop  T16057
B&D Creekside Activity Center
Latrobe, PA
Presenter:  Bud Houston
Contact:  Marsha Houston at
At Petit Prix site, lots of crating space, food on site. Seven games strategy and lecture, run as actual trial with qualifying scores and titles possible.

Oct  14 – 15 – 16 , 2016  Eastern PETIT PRIX number T16999
B&D Creekside Activity Center
Latrobe, PA
Judge:  Brenda Gilday, Emil Pohodich
Contact:  Darlene Schmucker at
Indoors on field turf, lots of crating space, restaurant on site. Three standard, 7 games, tournament scoring (see <> blogs for tournament scoring rules, over 3 days.

Blog1153 TDAA

Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston The web store is up and running. You’ll find in the web store The Joker’s Notebook, an invaluable reference for teaching an agility dog (and his handler) to work a distance apart.